Carboxylic Acid Derivative

A carboxylic acid derivative is an organic compound that, upon reacting with water under appropriate conditions, affords a carboxylic acid as the only product or one of the products.

Most carboxylic acid derivatives are carbonyl compounds with the following general structural formula.

R = H, alkyl group, aryl group

G = a ligand bonded to the carbonyl carbon by a heteroatom


Nitriles are the most common class of carboxylic acid derivatives that are not carbonyl compounds.

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